Where do Tar Balls on the Beaches come from ?

In the pre-monsoon and during monsoon seasons (May to October) the brown, sticky and foul smelling tar balls reaches the sea shores. Many beaches across the world have been facing this acute problem. Tar balls pollute beaches and disturbs marine ecosystem.  What are Tar balls? Tar balls or globs are oil residues made up of hydrocarbons. The type… Read More »

Paris Agreement on Climate Change – Summary

What is Paris Agreement on Climate Change ? Paris agreement on Climate Change is a global treaty under international law to combat climate change. It was agreed (adopted) by 195 nations in Paris during the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on December 12, 2015. Some of its… Read More »

Carbon Credit Mechanism to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

According to Investopedia ‘A carbon credit is a permit that allows the holder to emit one ton of carbon dioxide’. In broad terms ‘Carbon credit’ is an exchange mechanism devised to offset CO2 and other Greenhouse gas  emissions (GHG’s). Carbon credit is, therefore, a mitigation mechanism. This covers individuals, organizations, small and large businesses, governments or… Read More »

Kyoto Protocol Summary : First International Treaty on Climate Change

Kyoto Protocol is the first international agreement on climate change. The objective of the Kyoto protocol was to keep the global temperature rise below 2 ºC. A comprehensive summary of the Kyoto protocol covering must know facts about it is provided below. Kyoto Protocol Summary Kyoto Treaty is an international agreement under United Nations Framework Convention… Read More »

Sun Temple of Katarmal

  Sun Temple of Katarmal According to the Information board put up in the premises of Sun Temple of Katarmal situated in a village called Katarmal in Almora by Archaeological Survey of India: ‘The Sun Temple popularly Known as ‘Baraditya facing east, is one of the biggest and tallest temples, of the Kumaun region was probably built… Read More »

What is Yarsagumba? Its Uses, Importance, Per kg Price and Benefits

What is Yarsagumba? Yarsagumba is a unique fungus which grows on caterpillar. It is found in the high altitude areas of the Himalayas.  It is a parasitic relation of a fungus which grows on the larvae stage of many species of moth caterpillar.  Yarsagumba takes the nutrients for its own growth from caterpillar. The caterpillar becomes devoid… Read More »

Do You Know What Is Greenhouse Effect ?

What is Greenhouse effect? Greenhouses are those glass buildings put up to nourish plants and get fruits even in the cold unfavorable seasons. These glass walled structures let the sunlight come inside but do not let the heat from inside go out. They trap heat and this makes the interior of the green houses warmer than… Read More »

List of Effects of Climate Change on Sea Level Rise, Agriculture & Food Security, Water and Human Health

List of Effects of Climate Change on Environment As per the scientific projections the average temperature of earth could rise by 3 to 10 oC by the end of the century if the present CO2 emissions level continues. This is an estimate about the average rise in the global temperature.  In reality, due to the… Read More »

Plastic Degrading Bacterium Identified

A team of Japanese researchers led by Shosuke Yoshida (Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto) has identified a bacterium species Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 that can break down the plastic called polyethylene terephthalate or PET. PET is considered highly biodegradation resistant and till now only two fungi could be identified that can degrade… Read More »