• Environment

    Necrotizing fasciitis: The Flesh Eating Disease Fact Sheet

    Necrotizing fasciitis is the scientific name of the disease known as ‘Flesh Eating Disease‘ among the masses. ‘Necrosis’ means ‘death’ while the meaning of the word ‘fascia’ means subcutaneous tissues. The name therefore implies the death of the tissues situated beneath the skin.  Necrotizing fasciitis  is a soft-tissue infection. The disease is caused by infections by a different types of bacteria belonging to Type A Streptococcus. The bacterial agent of the disease does not depend on oxygen for their growth and are anaerobic or facultative anaerobic in nature. Once infected, the disease causing bacteria starts releasing toxins in the bloodstream and tissues. The disease spreads very quickly leaving the infected with very short time…

  • what is carbon footprint
    Climate Change

    What is Carbon Footprint? Definition and Explanation

    Carbon Footprint Definition In strict terms Carbon footprint is defined as “The total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation or product. It is expressed as CO2 equivalent” In more general terms ‘Carbon’ in carbon footprint’ refers to all the greenhouse gases responsible for global warming and ‘footprint’ means ‘total impact’. The term Carbon footprint reflects the total impact of all the greenhouse gases produced. This term is used usually in connection with climate change. In this context carbon footprint refers to the total impact of Greenhouse gas emissions towards climate change. What is Carbon Footprint – Explained All the things we can sense in this world have some carbon footprints. As…

  • Where do Tar Balls on the Beaches come from

    Where do Tar Balls on the Beaches come from ?

    In the pre-monsoon and during monsoon seasons (May to October) the brown, sticky and foul smelling tar balls reaches the sea shores. Many beaches across the world have been facing this acute problem. Tar balls pollute beaches and disturbs marine ecosystem.  What are Tar balls? Tar balls or globs are oil residues made up of hydrocarbons. The type of hydrocarbons found in tar globs is same as that of the ones present in crude oil and petroleum products. . Their size typically ranges from as small as a small coin to as big as 30 cm. Their reaching the shore makes the site of the serene beaches extremely unpleasant and filthy. Tar ball pollution…

  • Paris Agreement on climate change
    Climate Change

    Paris Agreement on Climate Change – Summary

    What is Paris Agreement on Climate Change ? Paris agreement on Climate Change is a global treaty under international law to combat climate change. It was agreed (adopted) by 195 nations in Paris during the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on December 12, 2015. Some of its provisions are legally binding.  Key Points of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change Goal At the core to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is to limit the global temperature rise below 2°Celsius as compared to pre-industrial era in the present century. The agreement also emphasizes to drive efforts so that the temperature rise can be limited to 1.5…

  • Climate Change

    Carbon Credit Mechanism to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

    According to Investopedia ‘A carbon credit is a permit that allows the holder to emit one ton of carbon dioxide’. In broad terms ‘Carbon credit’ is an exchange mechanism devised to offset CO2 and other Greenhouse gas  emissions (GHG’s). Carbon credit is, therefore, a mitigation mechanism. This covers individuals, organizations, small and large businesses, governments or any other entity to mitigate global warming causing greenhouse gases. The idea behind carbon credit is to enable individuals or businesses compensate for the emissions they make by reducing or offsetting CO2 and other GHG emissions somewhere else. While carbon dioxide is the most abundantly released gas from the industries responsible for global warming and…

  • Climate Change

    Kyoto Protocol Summary : First International Treaty on Climate Change

    Kyoto Protocol is the first international agreement on climate change. The objective of the Kyoto protocol was to keep the global temperature rise below 2 ºC. A comprehensive summary of the Kyoto protocol covering must know facts about it is provided below. Kyoto Protocol Summary Kyoto Treaty is an international agreement under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since the industrial era, the concentration of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is constantly rising. The more these gases are there in the atmosphere, the more is the global warming. The global temperature rise changes the climate system. Since it is because of the gases emitted by man made industries, it is called…

  • Environment

    Sun Temple of Katarmal

      Sun Temple of Katarmal According to the Information board put up in the premises of Sun Temple of Katarmal situated in a village called Katarmal in Almora by Archaeological Survey of India: ‘The Sun Temple popularly Known as ‘Baraditya facing east, is one of the biggest and tallest temples, of the Kumaun region was probably built by Katarmal, the medieval king of Katury dynasty who ruled the central Himalayan Region. There are as many as 45 miniature shrines in different groups clustering around the main shrine seems to be constructed at different periods. The main temple is Triratha on plan having curvilinear shikhara of nagara style with sqaure garbhagraha (sanctum sanctorium)…

  • What is Yarsagumba

    What is Yarsagumba? Its Uses, Importance, Per kg Price and Benefits

    What is Yarsagumba? Yarsagumba is a unique fungus which grows on caterpillar. It is found in the high altitude areas of the Himalayas.  It is a parasitic relation of a fungus which grows on the larvae stage of many species of moth caterpillar.  Yarsagumba takes the nutrients for its own growth from caterpillar. The caterpillar becomes devoid of  its nutrients and in the process the caterpillar dies.  This is the reason that Yarsagumba is also called half caterpillar half fungus. In scientific terms it is known as Ophiocordyceps sinensis.  Its unique life-cycle brought it names Yarchagumba, Yatsa gunbu, Yartsa gunba, Yatsagumbu and keeda jadi. In Tibet ‘Yatsa gunbu’  means ‘Summer grass winter worm‘.  …

  • Green House Effect
    Climate Change

    Do You Know What Is Greenhouse Effect ?

    What is Greenhouse effect? Greenhouses are those glass buildings put up to nourish plants and get fruits even in the cold unfavorable seasons. These glass walled structures let the sunlight come inside but do not let the heat from inside go out. They trap heat and this makes the interior of the green houses warmer than the outside. This artificial warmer environment makes plants to go normally and bear fruits. The Greenhouse phenomenon experienced by a planet such as earth is different from the above mentioned greenhouses. But there is a commonality. This is that the greenhouse effect keeps the earth warmer than the temperature the planet should be having if…

  • List of Effects of Climate Change on Sea Level, Agriculture & Food Security, Water, Health
    Climate Change

    List of Effects of Climate Change on Sea Level Rise, Agriculture & Food Security, Water and Human Health

    List of Effects of Climate Change on Environment As per the scientific projections the average temperature of earth could rise by 3 to 10 oC by the end of the century if the present CO2 emissions level continues. This is an estimate about the average rise in the global temperature.  In reality, due to the climate change the temperature of some areas will rise much more than the other parts of the world. Some areas may even become cooler. Extreme weather events such as violent storms, intense heat waves, flooding and drought are predicted to occur more due to changing climate. The climate change will affect the natural ecosystems such…