• Gangotri Glacier is retreating 10-30 metres per year
    Climate Change

    Gangotri Glacier is retreating 10-30 metres per year

    In July 2016, large chunk of ice of around 3-3.5 feet was washed from the Gangotri glacier into the Bhagirathi River. Scientists of Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun said that continuous rainfall, decreased snowfall and changes in the other climatic pattern such as temperature were responsible for this. The incident again raised the alarm bells. The global warming has been popularly blamed for the degenerating health of the glaciers worldwide. The condition of the Gangotri glacier is no different. The health of this glacier is of immense importance for India. The reason is that it is the source of river Ganges (also called Ganga). It is the most important river for…

  • Environment,  Opinion

    Plastic in the ocean is now a big threat to the health of marine and terrestrial life

    Facts Plastics comprise 50–80% of the litter in the oceans An estimate from United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) says that fishing gear makes up 10% of all marine litter which is around 640,000 tonnes. Global production of plastics is above 300 million tonnes per year. A large part of it ultimately ends up in the ocean. The nets used for fishing and dumped in the ocean after they are no longer fit to be used, tyres, buoys, buckets, bottles and bags are major source of plastic found in the oceans worldwide. Fishing net traps and kills many animal species ranging from turtles to seals to birds. It is observed that approcimately 90% of the…

  • Swachh paryatan app
    Opinion

    Swachh Paryatan App cannot be effective unless we have sensibility and stringent norms to keep our tourist destinations clean

    Tourism in India is now a booming industry. It contributes around 7% of India’s GDP. However despite being a prolific 200 billion dollar industry its impact on environment is scarcely studied. Till now there is no study to quantify the impact of tourism on environment. Recently people started voicing their concern for Leh Ladakh, which is unable to cope up with the increasing number of tourists. There is 100% increase in footfall since the year 1974 when the place was first opened for tourism, putting severe pressure on already fragile ecosystem. In recent years Ladakhi people have dealt with water shortage, which was once a rare phenomenon. Environment crisis of Ladakh…

  • Environment,  Opinion

    Roopkund, Yarsagumba, Bugyals and the High Altitude Pass Called Junargali

    We could feel nothing but thrill when we landed in Roopkund. This filled our bodies wrapped under many layers of jackets, caps and gloves with the necessary warmth. It was an early morning of May 2016. It is not allowed to stay up there in Roopkund for more than 15-20 minutes. What you really see there is a very small ‘pond’ like lake. Roopkund appeared like a half frozen bottom of an oval tub pushed fit in the high reaches of the mountains. Of-course we could locate a few skeletons there. The weather was fast changing and within minutes of our landing it felt as if very soon the clouds and fog would…

  • Environment

    Necrotizing fasciitis: The Flesh Eating Disease Fact Sheet

    Necrotizing fasciitis is the scientific name of the disease known as ‘Flesh Eating Disease‘ among the masses. ‘Necrosis’ means ‘death’ while the meaning of the word ‘fascia’ means subcutaneous tissues. The name therefore implies the death of the tissues situated beneath the skin.  Necrotizing fasciitis  is a soft-tissue infection. The disease is caused by infections by a different types of bacteria belonging to Type A Streptococcus. The bacterial agent of the disease does not depend on oxygen for their growth and are anaerobic or facultative anaerobic in nature. Once infected, the disease causing bacteria starts releasing toxins in the bloodstream and tissues. The disease spreads very quickly leaving the infected with very short time…

  • what is carbon footprint
    Climate Change

    What is Carbon Footprint? Definition and Explanation

    Carbon Footprint Definition In strict terms Carbon footprint is defined as “The total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation or product. It is expressed as CO2 equivalent” In more general terms ‘Carbon’ in carbon footprint’ refers to all the greenhouse gases responsible for global warming and ‘footprint’ means ‘total impact’. The term Carbon footprint reflects the total impact of all the greenhouse gases produced. This term is used usually in connection with climate change. In this context carbon footprint refers to the total impact of Greenhouse gas emissions towards climate change. What is Carbon Footprint – Explained All the things we can sense in this world have some carbon footprints. As…

  • Where do Tar Balls on the Beaches come from
    Environment

    Where do Tar Balls on the Beaches come from ?

    In the pre-monsoon and during monsoon seasons (May to October) the brown, sticky and foul smelling tar balls reaches the sea shores. Many beaches across the world have been facing this acute problem. Tar balls pollute beaches and disturbs marine ecosystem.  What are Tar balls? Tar balls or globs are oil residues made up of hydrocarbons. The type of hydrocarbons found in tar globs is same as that of the ones present in crude oil and petroleum products. . Their size typically ranges from as small as a small coin to as big as 30 cm. Their reaching the shore makes the site of the serene beaches extremely unpleasant and filthy. Tar ball pollution…

  • Paris Agreement on climate change
    Climate Change

    Paris Agreement on Climate Change – Summary

    What is Paris Agreement on Climate Change ? Paris agreement on Climate Change is a global treaty under international law to combat climate change. It was agreed (adopted) by 195 nations in Paris during the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on December 12, 2015. Some of its provisions are legally binding.  Key Points of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change Goal At the core to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is to limit the global temperature rise below 2°Celsius as compared to pre-industrial era in the present century. The agreement also emphasizes to drive efforts so that the temperature rise can be limited to 1.5…

  • Climate Change

    Carbon Credit Mechanism to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

    According to Investopedia ‘A carbon credit is a permit that allows the holder to emit one ton of carbon dioxide’. In broad terms ‘Carbon credit’ is an exchange mechanism devised to offset CO2 and other Greenhouse gas  emissions (GHG’s). Carbon credit is, therefore, a mitigation mechanism. This covers individuals, organizations, small and large businesses, governments or any other entity to mitigate global warming causing greenhouse gases. The idea behind carbon credit is to enable individuals or businesses compensate for the emissions they make by reducing or offsetting CO2 and other GHG emissions somewhere else. While carbon dioxide is the most abundantly released gas from the industries responsible for global warming and…

  • Climate Change

    Kyoto Protocol Summary : First International Treaty on Climate Change

    Kyoto Protocol is the first international agreement on climate change. The objective of the Kyoto protocol was to keep the global temperature rise below 2 ºC. A comprehensive summary of the Kyoto protocol covering must know facts about it is provided below. Kyoto Protocol Summary Kyoto Treaty is an international agreement under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since the industrial era, the concentration of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is constantly rising. The more these gases are there in the atmosphere, the more is the global warming. The global temperature rise changes the climate system. Since it is because of the gases emitted by man made industries, it is called…