• What is Yarsagumba
    Environment

    What is Yarsagumba? Its Uses, Importance, Per kg Price and Benefits

    What is Yarsagumba? Yarsagumba is a unique fungus which grows on caterpillar. It is found in the high altitude areas of the Himalayas.  It is a parasitic relation of a fungus which grows on the larvae stage of many species of moth caterpillar.  Yarsagumba takes the nutrients for its own growth from caterpillar. The caterpillar becomes devoid of  its nutrients and in the process the caterpillar dies.  This is the reason that Yarsagumba is also called half caterpillar half fungus. In scientific terms it is known as Ophiocordyceps sinensis.  Its unique life-cycle brought it names Yarchagumba, Yatsa gunbu, Yartsa gunba, Yatsagumbu and keeda jadi. In Tibet ‘Yatsa gunbu’  means ‘Summer grass winter worm‘.  …

  • Environment

    Plastic Degrading Bacterium Identified

    A team of Japanese researchers led by Shosuke Yoshida (Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto) has identified a bacterium species Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 that can break down the plastic called polyethylene terephthalate or PET. PET is considered highly biodegradation resistant and till now only two fungi could be identified that can degrade it. This is the first report in which a bacteria able to breakdown PET could be identified. The bacteria were screened by using 250 contaminated samples obtained from PET bottle recycling site. The microorganisms that could utilize PET as carbon source for growth were selected. In the first stage of research a microbial consortium capable…