• Climate Change

    Carbon Credit Mechanism to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

    According to Investopedia ‘A carbon credit is a permit that allows the holder to emit one ton of carbon dioxide’. In broad terms ‘Carbon credit’ is an exchange mechanism devised to offset CO2 and other Greenhouse gas  emissions (GHG’s). Carbon credit is, therefore, a mitigation mechanism. This covers individuals, organizations, small and large businesses, governments or any other entity to mitigate global warming causing greenhouse gases. The idea behind carbon credit is to enable individuals or businesses compensate for the emissions they make by reducing or offsetting CO2 and other GHG emissions somewhere else. While carbon dioxide is the most abundantly released gas from the industries responsible for global warming and…

  • Climate Change

    Kyoto Protocol Summary : First International Treaty on Climate Change

    Kyoto Protocol is the first international agreement on climate change. The objective of the Kyoto protocol was to keep the global temperature rise below 2 ºC. A comprehensive summary of the Kyoto protocol covering must know facts about it is provided below. Kyoto Protocol Summary Kyoto Treaty is an international agreement under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since the industrial era, the concentration of Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is constantly rising. The more these gases are there in the atmosphere, the more is the global warming. The global temperature rise changes the climate system. Since it is because of the gases emitted by man made industries, it is called…

  • Green House Effect
    Climate Change

    Do You Know What Is Greenhouse Effect ?

    What is Greenhouse effect? Greenhouses are those glass buildings put up to nourish plants and get fruits even in the cold unfavorable seasons. These glass walled structures let the sunlight come inside but do not let the heat from inside go out. They trap heat and this makes the interior of the green houses warmer than the outside. This artificial warmer environment makes plants to go normally and bear fruits. The Greenhouse phenomenon experienced by a planet such as earth is different from the above mentioned greenhouses. But there is a commonality. This is that the greenhouse effect keeps the earth warmer than the temperature the planet should be having if…

  • List of Effects of Climate Change on Sea Level, Agriculture & Food Security, Water, Health
    Climate Change

    List of Effects of Climate Change on Sea Level Rise, Agriculture & Food Security, Water and Human Health

    List of Effects of Climate Change on Environment As per the scientific projections the average temperature of earth could rise by 3 to 10 oC by the end of the century if the present CO2 emissions level continues. This is an estimate about the average rise in the global temperature.  In reality, due to the climate change the temperature of some areas will rise much more than the other parts of the world. Some areas may even become cooler. Extreme weather events such as violent storms, intense heat waves, flooding and drought are predicted to occur more due to changing climate. The climate change will affect the natural ecosystems such…

  • CO2 emissions
    Climate Change

    Total CO2 Emissions and Sectors Responsible

    CO2 Emissions : CO2 is naturally present in the atmosphere. It takes important part in creating greenhouse effect. Greenhouse effect is responsible for maintaining the inhabitable temperature on earth. CO2 plays another important role for the life in the earth. It is the member of the earth’s carbon cycle. Carbon cycle refers to the circulation of carbon among the atmosphere, oceans, soil, plants, and animals. Human activities have been adding greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Among all the greenhouse gases being added in the atmosphere by humans, CO2 accounts about 80%. Its high concentration has been built up in the atmosphere because of its very high emission by human activities. The…

  • Gangotri Glacier is retreating 10-30 metres per year
    Climate Change

    What are the Causes of Global Warming?

    Causes Of Global Warming : The accumulation of  heat trapping gases in the atmosphere is the reason of rising global temperature known as ‘global warming‘. These heat trapping gases are known as greenhouse gases.         Greenhouse Gases Greenhouse gases include carbon di oxide, methane, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons etc. In the atmosphere these gases act as a blanket, trap heat radiations reflected by the earth which in their absence would go back to atmosphere and eventually increase the global temperature. Greenhouse Effect Sun emits electromagnetic radiations. When the radiation strikes the earth surface a part of it is absorbed while rest is emitted back as infrared rays…

  • what are the causes of climate change
    Climate Change

    What are the Causes of Climate Change : List of Natural and Human Factors Responsible

    Life on Earth is possible because of the fine energy balance between the energy Earth receives and the energy that goes back into the atmosphere.  The energy balance maintains average weather conditions for a very long period of time on earth. The sole source of all the energy present in the Earth is the Sun. The earth receives energy in the form of sunlight. The surface of the earth absorbs more than 50% of the sunlight. The rest 50% sunlight gets reflected by the earth surface in the form of heat. The reflected heat energy while on its way back reaches the lower atmosphere.  Greenhouse gases are present in the lower atmosphere. They…

  • Global Warming trends prove that it is Real
    Climate Change

    Global Warming Trends Prove that it is Real

    What is Global Warming ? The average temperature on our Earth is rising continuously. This is known as Global Warming. The reason behind the rise in the global temperature is the released greenhouse gases by burning fossil fuels. Whenever and wherever the word ‘Earth’s temperature’ is used it means that the temperature of the surface of the earth. The Earth’s surface is made up of land surface and the surface of the ocean. Global warming is leading to the rise in both land surface and the surface of the ocean. Rise in average temperature is leading to the changes in the climatic system of the Earth.  Is climate really changing? What are…