Mangalyaan is India’s First Space Mission to Mars. The literal meaning of Mangalyaan is Mars-craft. With the help of Mangalyaan, scientists are able to know more about the Mars and its atmosphere. The scientists across the world are trying to study mars through this information and imagery. Read below to know more about some of the most amazing facts about Mangalyaan :
Amazing Facts about Mangalyaan
1. Mangalyaan has also been India’s most challenging space mission so far. This is also called the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM). In India it is the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) that works to send rockets and satellites in the space. ISRO created history by sending the Mangalyaan to the Mars in the very first attempt.
2. This was India’s first space craft that intended to cross the earth’s orbit and go beyond to the orbit of another planet. Such a long and tough journey requires a very strong rocket. It was the powerful Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) that took the Mangalyaan to the Mars. The rocket was entirely indigenously built by the Indian scientists.
3. Mangalyaan started its journey towards Mars on 5th November 2013 from the space Centre situated at Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh). Sriharikota is a barrier island off the Bay of Bengal. When the rocket got off from Shriharikota, its weight was 1337 kg. The part of the fuel to this weight was more than half. As the space craft moves forward the weight of the fuel gets reduced.
4. The Mangalyaan completed its journey in 298 days. It was a step-wise journey. It entered into the Mars’ orbit on 24th September 2014. With this India became the first Asian country to achieve this. Before that only Russian, European and the space agencies of USA could do that.
5. While orbiting Mars, the Mangalyaan continuously keep an eye on the Mars. It sends the information regarding the planet Mars to us. There are five instruments installed in Mangalyaan for this purpose. In scientific terms these instruments are called payloads. The scientists get very good quality of images and other information sent by Mangalyaan through waves.
6. The instruments loaded in the Mangalyaan need electricity to function. The wide solar panels installed in the Mangalyaan generate electricity. They are able to generate approximately 840 watt of electricity per day.
7. The successful execution of the Mars Orbit Mission signifies the advancement of the country towards the development of the technologies required for designing, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission. The knowledge related to the Mars’ surface features, morphology, mineralogy and atmosphere would be very crucial to develop understanding about the planet.
8. One of the remarkable achievements of this mission has been its cost effectiveness. The total cost of the mission was approximately ₹450 Crore which is way less than the cost of other similar missions worldwide.